Smile Procedure

SMILE procedure

SMILE is the only technique available in the world, wherein the laser surgery is performed without using any blade and without lifting any flap. In other words, your fear of cutting the cornea with a blade is absolutely removed by this procedure and at the same time unlike most of the FEMTOSECOND lasers in the market; we do-not make and lift a corneal flap. Thus the whole integrity of the cornea is preserved and there are minimal risks involved in this surgery compared to the conventional LASIK or FEMTO LASIK.

What is the SMILE Procedure?

The combination of precise refractive femtosecond laser technology and lenticule extraction marks the start of a new era in refractive surgery.

Tissue removal instead of ablation

The SMILE procedure bears a great number of advantages compared to conventional refractive correction methods due to its unique features:

Flapless – creating a small incision rather than a full flap

All-Femto – FS lenticule cutting substitutes excimer tissue ablation

Single step – on laser device, one integrated procedure

Advantages of the SMILE procedure:

  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Preserves integrity of upper corneal layers
  • Ensures preservation of corneal biomechanical stability
  • Less nerves damaged and therefore, less varying severity of dry eye syndrome
  • Absence of flap eliminates the risk for flap complications such as epithelium in-growth, flap dislocation, infections and striae.
  • Faster healing of epithelium


Eligibility

To be eligible for the SMILE procedure, you must be over 18 years of age and not have had a significant change in your glasses or contact lens prescription for the preceding twelve months. Other factors, such as thegeneral health of your eye, will be examined at the preoperative assessment.


Contrainidications

  • Recurrent eye inflammations or infections
  • Excessive corneal disease or scarring
  • Degenerative disease of cornea
  • Use of certain drugs
  • Pregnancy and nursing
  • Certain rheumatological conditions (Lupus, Rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogrens etc)
  • Severe dry eyes
  • Inadequate corneal tissue
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Pacemaker

You can request a copy of you consent Form(s).

An overwhelming success rate with SMILE achieved in most cases after the initial procedure. However, due to an individual’s prescription level and unique physiology, an additional treatment or enhancement procedure may sometimes be required. If this is the case, you would need to return to your original surgeon, for re -evaluation and if possible for retreatment.

In general, patients must wait at least three months after the first procedure, and complete all mandatory post-operative appointments, before requesting an enhancement. In majority of cases, the decision about any need for enhancement can be made at the three- month post-operative visit. You may also be required to complete an annual eye examination prior to requesting a re-treatment. Whether or not you experience the need for an enhancement, keep in mind that all patients will eventually require reading glasses as part of the unrelated and natural aging process of the eye.

Potential Complications

Like any surgical procedure, SMILE involves risk of unsuccessful results, complications or serious injury, from unknown and unforeseen causes.

Although the vast majority of our patients experience a significant improvement in their vision, neither your surgeon, nor your optometrist, not the eye clinic nor its staff, can promise or guarantee that the procedure will be 100% effective or make your vision better than it was before the procedure. During your pre-operative examination, the likely surgical efficacy outcome (e.g. the chances of you seeing well without glasses or contact lenses after one surgery) will be conveyed to you based on the level of your particular refractive error.

There is a small possibility that the procedure or a complication arising from the procedure could cause your vision to be blurred either temporarily or permanently, doubled, distorted, or have halos or other disturbances, and that these would NOT be correctable with glasses or contact lenses. In the event this should occur, your surgeon will discuss and offer you advise on further treatment, which may involve medications and/ or more surgery. If the outcome cannot be corrected by medications or external surface corneal surgery, the only way of restoring the vision may be a corneal transplant.

However, it is believed that with current techniques and technology, the combined risk of all causes of a corneal transplant being necessary is approximately one in 20,000 or less.

Halos and Starburst

The SMILE technique is well designed to reduce the incidence of halos and star bursts. However, some patients do not see clearly at night or dim light and may notice glare and star burst around the lights and illuminated objects after the procedure.

This may be a temporary phenomenon or rarely a permanent problem. This is more commonly seen in patients with high levels of short sightedness or long-sightedness and for patients with larger than average pupil size.

Equipment Malfunction

Rarely the equipment can fail to operate and can produce undesirable result. However our maintenance standards are equivalent to the best in the world and tested by German technology from Carl Zeiss. The instrument goes through a testing protocol before each surgery.

Under-or Over Correction

The SMILE surgery corrects precise amount of tissue to correct the desired refractive power. However rarely under and over correction of results is possible and it may require retreatment or use of glasses or contact lens.

Light Sensitivity and Fluctuating Vision

The smile technique reduces the chance of light sensitivity and fluctuation of vision in most cases by precise correction and removal of tissue. But rarely light sensitivity and fluctuation of vision is possible, which will stabilize in most cases by 1 to 4 weeks. In 1% of cases it may be permanent.

Dry Eyes

SMILE technique reduces the chance of dry eyes due to less chance of cutting the corneal nerve, since the corneal flap is not developed in this form of treatment.

However, in some cases dry eyes is possible and it can be treated with eye lubricants or punctual occlusion.

Optical Imbalance

If the surgeon performs the procedure on each eye on different days, in the interim period the eyes may not be able to balance and focus properly until the procedure is performed on both eyes because there will be a power difference between the two eyes.

Regression

The cornea is a living tissue and once any part of it is removed to reshape the cornea and correct the refractive error, it can re-grow and thicken to compensate for the changes in the shape. Therefore some effect of the correction may decrease over time and patient may require either further treatment or correction using glasses or contact lens.

Corneal Ectasia

A certain amount of corneal tissue must remain after SMILE procedure. This is believed to relate to the long term stability of the cornea. In rare instances, less tissue is left and this may lead to bulging of the cornea thus reversing the intended flattening effect of the treatment, or it can lead to progressive corneal deformity with thinning and increasing curvature changes, and the cornea can develop an irregular shape. The progressive corneal deformation is called ectasia, sometime requiring collagen cross linkage or corneal transplant.

This complication may occur in 1 out of 10,000 cases.

Diffuse Lamellar Keratitis (DLK)

1 in 500 patients experience a temporary inflammatory reaction beneath the corneal surface. This condition has been called “Sands of Sahara” or diffuse lamellar keratitis also known as “DLK”. The exact cause of this complication has not been identified, and is likely due to many different factors. Patients with DLK may not show any symptoms at all or may experience blurred vision and tearing, which can last from several days, up to several weeks, and which can delay the healing process.

DLK generally can be treated with topical and/or oral steroids, occasionally with possible need for surgical intervention (the surgeon irrigates beneath the corneal surface).

Some Rare Side Effects

Epithelial in-growth, vascular occlusion, Microscopic corneal surface irregularity, infection, haemorrhage, blockage and other unforeseen complications which may or may not be directly related to the surgical procedure, can occur rarely.

Preoperative Assessment

  • Be prepared for extensive eye tests prior to laser vision surgery. The process includes: eye test using topical anaesthetic drops and eye dilatation.
  • Please arrange for alternate transport and sunglasses when you come for the assessment

Removal of contact lenses before your pre laser:

Contact lens type Length of time lenses need to be out before the pre laser appointment
All soft contact lenses At least 1 week before
Extended wear soft lenses At least 1 week before
Toric soft lenses At least 2 weeks before
Rigid gas permeable
Worn for 0-10 years At least 4 weeks before
Worn for 10-20 years At least 8 weeks before
Worn for 20-30 years At least 12 weeks before
True hard lenses (Polymethyl methacrylate) At least 12 weeks before

What Happens Before Surgery?

  • Please arrange alternative transportation after your surgery, as we do not advise driving for approximately 1-2 days after the procedure
  • Please don’t use any eye make up 24 hours prior to the surgery
  • We recommend avoiding alcohol 24 hours prior to and 48 hours after your surgery


The Day Of The Surgery

  • You can expect feeling nervous, anxious or excited prior to your procedure. This is a completely natural, normal response
  • Please refrain from wearing perfume or cologne on the day of your surgery. Please do not use any hair products containing alcohol; hair spray or mousse
  • Bring good quality sunglasses

 

What Happens After The Procedure?

  • Your first mandatory post- operative appointment will take place within 24 hours and additional follow ups will be at one week, one month and 3 months after the day of the surgery
  • Each post-operative appointment takes approximately 15- 30 minutes for evaluation

 

Recommended Activity Schedule Following Routine Smile Procedure.

Day of surgery:

  • The day of surgery should be a day of rest preferably sleep one hour after the surgery with your eyes covered with protective eye shield
  • Always be careful about activities where the eye may be poked, rubbed or touched
  • Always avoid rubbing eyes (instead use lubricant drops for irritation)

 

24 hours after the surgery:

  • Take a bath instead of shower. Avoid any soap or water in the eyes
  • Restrict movement to light activities
  • Work at home is acceptable
  • Reading and watching TV is permitted as long as the eyes are lubricated
  • Flying in aeroplanes is allowed provided eyes are lubricated every 30 minutes with lubricating drops or every 2 hourly with lubricating gel

 

48 hours after surgery:

  • Driving can be resumed if adequate vision is confirmed at post-operative evaluation.
  • Shower (but continue to avoid soap and water in the eyes.)
  • Face make-up may be used (but not eye-make up)
  • Office work can be resumed
  • Computers can be used (very important to keep eyes lubricated)

 

Day 3 activities:

  • Exercise without risk to the eyes (Treadmill, Stair master)
  • Be careful while playing with children
  • Moderate alcohol consumption may be resumed

 

Day 7 Activity:

  • Apply eye- makeup, jogging outdoor, roller blading, relaxed bicycling, playing golf and lifting weights are allowed

 

Activities that can begin in one month (with eye protection)

  • Racket sports, swimming, scuba diving, snorkeling, sailing, sun tanning, motorcycling, parachuting, baseball, basketball and skiing

 

Activities that can begin in 3 months (with eye protection)

  • Water skiing, wind surfing, kayaking and surfing (Proceed with caution as these are high risk activities.)